Now showing items 1-20 of 33

    • The effect of curing temperature on physical and chemical properties of geopolymers 

      Mohd Mustafa, Al Bakri Abdullah; Kamarudin, Hussin; Mohammed Amjad, Hussain; Khairul Nizar, Ismail; Zarina, Yahya; Rafiza, Abdul Razak (Elsevier BV, 2011)
      Fly ash-based geopolymers required heat to increase the geopolymerization process in order to obtain higher compressive strength. As such, geopolymer samples were prepared using different curing temperatures (room temperature, ...
    • The relationship of NaOH molarity, Na2SiO3/NaOH ratio, fly ash/alkaline activator ratio, and curing temperature to the strength of fly ash-based geopolymer 

      Mohd Mustafa, Al Bakri Abdullah; Kamarudin, Hussin; Mohammed Amjad, Hussin; Khairul Nizar, Ismail; Rafiza, Abdul Razak; Zarina, Yahya (Trans Tech Publications, 2011)
      Geopolymer, produced by the reaction of fly ash with an alkaline activator (mixture of Na2SiO3 and NaOH solutions), is an alternative to the use of ordinary Portland cement (OPC) in the construction industry. However, there ...
    • Chemical reactions in the geopolymerisation process using fly ash-based geopolymer: A review 

      Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri, Abdullah; Kamarudin, Hussin; Mohammed Amjad, Hussain; Khairul Nizar, Ismail; Rafiza, Abdul Razak; Mohd Izzat, Ahmad (American-Eurasian Network for Scientific Information (AENSI Publisher), 2011-07)
      The development of our world, demanding the power supply which is produced by combustion of coal. Unfortunately, the million of tons of fly ash and related-products have been generated. To overcome these problems, fly ash ...
    • Mechanical properties and wear behavior of brake pads produced from palm slag 

      Che Mohd Ruzaidi, Ghazali; Kamarudin, Hussin, Brig. Jen. Dato' Prof. Dr.; Shamsul Baharin, Jamaludin, Prof. Dr.; Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri, Abdullah; Rafiza, Abdul Razak (Trans Tech Publications, 2012)
      Brake pads are important safety devices in vehicles. An effort to avoid the use of asbestos in brake pads has led to the development of asbestos-free brake pads that incorporate various organic and inorganic fillers. Palm ...
    • Characterization of LUSI mud volcano as geopolymer raw material 

      Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri, Abdullah; Rafiza, Abdul Razak; Djwantoro, Hardjito, Dr.; Kamarudin, Hussin, Brig. Jen. Dato' Prof. Dr.; Khairul Nizar, Ismail, Assoc. Prof. Dr. (Trans Tech Publications, 2012)
      The mud of mud volcano samples were collected from an eruption site named 'LUSI' (Lumpur "mud" -Sidoarjo), East Java, Indonesia for characterization. Analysis showed that, the major constituents of mud are SiO 2 and Al 2O ...
    • Correlation between Na 2SiO 3/NaOH ratio and fly ash/alkaline activator ratio to the strength of geopolymer 

      Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri, Abdullah; Kamarudin, Hussin, Brig. Jen. Dato' Prof. Dr.; Khairul Nizar, Ismail, Assoc. Prof. Dr.; Mohamed, Bnhussain, Prof. Dr.; Zarina, Yahya; Rafiza, Abdul Razak (Trans Tech Publications, 2012)
      Geopolymer requires an alkaline activator to induce it pozzolanic property and to accelerate the geopolymerisation process. The geopolymerisation process occurs due to the mixing of fly ash, sodium silicate and sodium ...
    • Fly ash-based geopolymer lightweight concrete using foaming agent 

      Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri, Abdullah; Kamarudin, Hussin, Brig. Jen. Dato' Prof. Dr.; Mohamed, Bnhussain; Khairul Nizar, Ismail, Prof. Madya Dr.; Zarina, Yahya; Rafiza, Abdul Razak (MDPI, Basel, Switzerland., 2012-06)
      In this paper, we report the results of our investigation on the possibility of producing foam concrete by using a geopolymer system. Class C fly ash was mixed with an alkaline activator solution (a mixture of sodium ...
    • Characterization of LUSI mud volcano as geopolymer raw material: A review 

      Rafiza, Abdul Razak; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri, Abdullah; Kamarudin, Hussin, Brig. Jen. Dato' Prof. Dr.; Djwantoro, Hardjito, Dr. Ir.; Khairul Nizar, Ismail, Assoc. Prof. Dr. (Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), 2012-06-18)
      This paper summarizes the current knowledge about the potential of LUSI mud volcano, East Java, Indonesia as a raw material in geopolymer. Previous experimental study shows that the LUSI mud has a good performance when 5% ...
    • Reviews on the properties of aggregates made with or without geopolymerisation method 

      Rafiza, Abdul Razak; Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri, Abdullah; Kamarudin, Hussin, Brig. Jen. Dato' Prof. Dr.; Khairul Nizar, Ismail, Prof. Madya Dr.; Djwantoro, Hardjito, Dr.; Zarina, Yahya (Scientific.Net/Trans Tech Publications, 2012-12)
      Aggregates are popular for use in concrete and lightweight concrete applications. Recent research shows that the by-product materials such as fly ash can be used as raw material in producing aggregates and lightweight ...
    • Reviews on the Geopolymer materials for coating application 

      Zarina, Yahya; Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri, Abdullah; Kamarudin, Hussin, Brig. Jen. Dato' Prof. Dr.; Khairul Nizar, Ismail, Assoc. Prof. Dr.; Rafiza, Abdul Razak (Scientific.Net, 2012-12)
      The application of geopolymer has been expand in many areas where before this it only used for the production of cement and concrete. One of the new applications of geopolymer is for coating. Metakaolin, fly ash and ...
    • Microstructure studies on the effect of the alkaline activators of fly ash-based geopolymer at elevated heat treatment temperature 

      Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri, Abdullah; Omar A., Abdulkareem; Kamarudin, Hussin, Brig. Jen. Dato' Prof. Dr.; Khairul Nizar, Ismail, Assoc. Prof. Dr.; Rafiza, Abdul Razak; Zarina, Yahya; Alida, Abdullah (Trans Tech Publications, 2013)
      Fly ash-based geopolymers are new binding materials produced to replace the ordinary Portland cement (OPC) used in concrete. In this research, the effect of alkaline activators on the compressive strength and the microstructure ...
    • Feasibility of producing wood fibre-reinforced geopolymer composites (WFRGC) 

      Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri, Abdullah; Mohd Izzat, Ahmad; Muhammad Faheem, Mohd Tahir; Kamarudin, Hussin, Brig. Jen. Dato' Prof. Dr.; Khairul Nizar, Ismail, Assoc. Prof. Dr.; Mohamed, Bnhussain, Prof. Dr.; Rafiza, Abdul Razak; Zarina, Yahya; Liyana, Jamaludin (Trans Tech Publications, 2013)
      Wood fibres have long been known as a fibre reinforcement for concrete. Due to its availability and low production cost, this natural fibre has been used in less developed country where conventional construction materials ...
    • Malaysian Foxtail grass - A potential source of natural/agro fibre for polymer composite panel 

      Che Mohd Ruzaidi, Ghazali, Prof. Madya; Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri, Abdullah; Kamarudin, Hussin, Brig. Jen. Dato' Prof. Dr.; Norazian, Mohamed Noor; Rafiza, Abdul Razak; Zarina, Yahya (Trans Tech Publications, 2013)
      Foxtail grass, also known as 'rumput bulu' by the local people, is one of the fast growing grasses abundantly available all over Malaysia. A full grown Foxtail grass attains a height of about 0.5 - 1.5 meters. The fibres ...
    • Review on the various ash from palm oil waste as geopolymer material 

      Zarina, Yahya; Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri, Abdullah; Kamarudin, Hussin, Brig. Jen. Dato' Prof. Dr.; Khairul Nizar, Ismail, Assoc. Prof. Dr.; Rafiza, Abdul Razak (Advanced Study Center Co. Ltd., 2013)
      The solid waste from palm oil mill industry has been increasing annually where it has been reported that the palm oil waste was produced 4 million tons/years in Malaysia only. Hence, the solution to overcome the problems ...
    • The effect of various waste materials' contents on the attenuation level of anti-radiation shielding concrete 

      Ali Basheer, Azeez; Kahtan Sadiq, Muhammed, Dr.; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri, Abdullah; Kamarudin, Hussin, Brig. Jen. Dato' Prof. Dr.; Sandu, Andrei Victor; Rafiza, Abdul Razak (MDPI, Basel, Switzerland, 2013)
      Samples of concrete contain various waste materials, such as iron particulates, steel balls of used ball bearings and slags from steel industry were assessed for their anti-radiation attenuation coefficient properties. The ...
    • Study of concrete using modified polystyrene coarse aggregate 

      Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri, Abdullah; Zarina, Yahya; Norazian, Mohamed Noor; Kamarudin, Hussin, Brig. Jen. Dato' Prof. Dr.; Che Mohd Ruzaidi, Ghazali, Prof. Madya; Rafiza, Abdul Razak (Trans Tech Publications, 2013)
      Polymer recycling has received a great deal of attention in recent years. At the present time, small percentages of polymer wastes in Malaysia are being recycled. The recycling process has typically consisted of reprocessing ...
    • Comparison of original and sintered LUSI mud from East Java, Indonesia as raw material for making a geopolymer 

      Rafiza, Abdul Razak; Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri, Abdullah; Kamarudin, Hussin, Brig. Jen. Dato' Prof. Dr.; Djwantoro, Hardjito, Dr.; Khairul Nizar, Ismail, Assoc. Prof. Dr. (American Scientific Publishers, 2013-01)
      This paper presents the characterization of LUSI mud from East Java, Indonesia, as a potential raw material for making a geopolymer. Two types of LUSI mud were analyzed, i.e., original LUSI mud and LUSI mud that had been ...
    • Study on refractory materials application using geopolymer processing 

      Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri, Abdullah; Liyana, Jamaludin; Kamarudin, Hussin, Brig. Jen. Dato' Prof. Dr.; Mohamed, Bnhussain, Prof. Dr.; Che Mohd Ruzaidi, Ghazali, Prof. Madya; Rafiza, Abdul Razak; Mohd Izzat, Ahmad (American Scientific Publishers, 2013-01)
      Geopolymer is cementitious binders that do not require the presence of ordinary Portland cement (OPC). Class F fly ash with geopolymer formulations prepared with an alkaline activator (mixture of Na2SiO3 and NaOH solutions) ...
    • Effect of palm slag filler size on the mechanical and wear properties of brake pad composites 

      Che Mohd Ruzaidi, Ghazali, Assoc. Prof.; Kamarudin, Hussin, Brig. Jen. Dato' Prof. Dr.; Shamsul Baharin, Jamaludin, Prof. Dr.; Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri, Abdullah; Rafiza, Abdul Razak (American Scientific Publishers, 2013-01)
      Particle size of filler and other material that involved in brake pad composites are expected to be able to strongly influence the wear properties and performance. Palm slag as a filler in brake pad was investigated in ...
    • Design, processing and characterization of fly ash-based geopolymers for lightweight concrete application 

      Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri, Abdullah; Kamarudin, Hussin, Brig. Jen. Dato' Prof. Dr.; Khairul Nizar, Ismail, Assoc. Prof. Dr.; Sandu, Andrei Victor; Mohamed, Bnhussain, Prof. Dr.; Zarina, Yahya; Rafiza, Abdul Razak (Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), 2013-04)
      The mix design of geopolymers plays important role in obtaining desirable compressive strength. Optimum mix design of geopolymers can be applied for application, such as lightweight concrete. In order to determine the ...