Properties and behavior of Geopolymer Concrete Subjected to Explosive Air Blast Loading: a review
Nurul Aida, Mohd Mortar
Rafiza, Abdul Razak
Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri, Abdullah
Ahmad Humaizi, Hilmi
Andrei Victor, Sandu
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The severe damage to civilian buildings, public area, jet aircraft impact and defense target under explosive blast loading can cause a huge property loss. Most of researcher discusses the topics on design the concrete material model to sustain againts the explosive detonation. The implementation of modern reinforcement steels and fibres in ordinary Portland cement (OPC) concrete matrix can reduce the extreme loading effects. However, most researchers have proved that geopolymer concrete (GPC) has better mechanical properties towards high performance concrete, compared to OPC. GPC has the high early compressive strength and high ability to resist the thermal energy from explosive detonation. In addition, OPC production is less environmental friendly than geopolymer cement. Geopolymer used can lead to environmental protection besides being improved in mechanical properties. Thus, this paper highlighted on an experimental, numerical and the analytical studies cause of the explosive detonation impact to concrete structures.