Influence of solids-to-liquid and activator ratios on calcined kaolin cement powder
Kamarudin, Hussin, Brig. Jen. Dato' Prof. Dr.
Che Mohd Ruzaidi, Ghazali, Assoc. Prof.
Luqman, Musa, Dr.
Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri, Abdullah
Heah, Cheng Yong
Khairul Nizar, Ismail
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This paper summarizes the effect of activator ratio on the processing of cement powder. Geopolymer slurry was produced via alkaline activation of calcined kaolin. Once the geopolymer slurry solidified, it was crushed and ground to obtain cement powder. Ultilizing the concept of "just adding water", hardened cement paste could be produced from cement powder. This paper concluded that solids-to-liquid and sodium silicate-to-sodium hydroxide ratios have a significant effect on compressive strength of hardened cement paste. The optimum solids-to-liquid and sodium silicate-to-sodium hydroxide ratios were 0.80 and 0.20, respectively. SEM micrographs showed that a processing route to produce cement powder by "just adding water" was possible, and the structure became denser and fewer unreacted particles were observed.
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