Impact of Coaching Education and Experience On Coaching Efficacy Among Malaysian Collegiate Coaches
Kee, Kang Mea
Nur Atikah, Mohamed Kassim
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Coaches are the people responsible for helping athletes work towards achieving their full potential. The influence of coaches is associated with positive impacts on athletes by enhancing their performance, character development, athlete satisfaction and other various positive outcomes. In order to develop successful athletes, coaches need to have a high level of coaching efficacy. Many factors may affect coaching efficacy, such as coaching education and experience, and it might play a part in the ability of coaches in coaching their athletes. Hence, the purpose of this study is to determine the impact of coaching experience and education on coaching efficacy among Malaysian collegiate coaches. A total of 331 coaches for SUKIPT 2016 were involved in this study. The Coaching Efficacy Scale (CES) questionnaire was used to measure the coaches coaching efficacy. Overall, Malaysian collegiate coaches showed that their level of coaching efficacy was high for all subscales, namely character building (M=7.92, SD=.83), technique (M=7.91, SD=.89), game strategy (M=7.80, SD=.93), and motivation (M=7.79, SD=.83). Furthermore, study shows that there was a medium positive correlation between coaching experience (r=.37, n=331, p<.001) and coaching efficacy and the small positive correlation between coaching education (r=.12, n=331, p<.05) and coaching efficacy. In addition, multiple regression results indicated that both coaching experience and coaching education can predict overall coaching efficacy (F (6, 324) =12.85, p<.001). In conclusion, this study has provided additional information about coaching efficacy that in the context of Malaysian collegiate coaches. From these consequences, Malaysian collegiate coaches are aware that coaching education and coaching experience are important elements for them to become a successful coach.
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