Synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes: Effects of active metals, catalyst supports, and metal loading percentage
Liu, Wei Wen, Dr.
Azizan, Aziz, Assoc. Prof. Dr.
Chai, Siang Piao, Dr.
Abdul Rahman, Mohamed, Prof. Dr.
Uda, Hashim, Prof. Dr.
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The effects of active metals, catalyst supports, and metal loading percentage on the formation of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) were studied. In particular, iron, cobalt, and nickel were investigated for SWNTs synthesis. Iron was found to grow better-quality SWNTs compared to cobalt and nickel. To study the effect of catalyst supports, magnesium oxide, silicon oxide, and aluminium oxide were chosen for iron. Among the studied supports, MgO was identified to be a suitable support for iron as it produced SWNTs with better graphitisation determined by Raman analysis. Increasing the iron loading decreased the quality of SWNTs due to extensive agglomeration of the iron particles. Thus, lower metal loading percentage is preferred to grow better-quality SWNTs with uniform diameters.