Personalized human emotion classification using genetic algorithm
Sazali, Yaacob, Prof. Dr.
Nor Azmi, Johari
Ina Suryani, Ab Rahim
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In this paper, lip and eye features are applied to classify the human emotion through a set of irregular and regular ellipse fitting equations using Genetic algorithm (GA). South East Asian face is considered in this study. All six universally accepted emotions and one neutral are considered for classifications. The method which is fastest in extracting lip features is adopted in this study. Observation of various emotions of the subject lead to an unique characteristic of lips and eye. GA is adopted to optimize irregular ellipse and regular ellipse characteristics of the lip and eye features in each emotion respectively. That is, the top portion of lip configuration is a part of one ellipse and the bottom of different ellipse. Two ellipse based fitness equations are proposed for the lip configuration and relevant parameters that define the emotion are listed. One ellipse based fitness function is proposed for eye. The GA method approach has achieved reasonably successful classification of emotion. While performing classification, optimized values can mess or overlap with other emotions range. In order to overcome the overlapping problem between the emotions and at the same time to improve the classification, a neural network (NN) approach is implemented. The GA-NN based process exhibits a range of 83% - 90% classification of the emotion from the optimized feature of top lip, bottom lip and eye.