Applied Mathematics and Computational Intelligence (AMCI)
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AMCI is peerreviewed and published as an online openaccess journal as well as in printed copy. The journal welcomes original and significant contributions in the area of applied mathematics and computational intelligence. It emphasises on empirical or theoretical foundations, or their applications to any field of investigation where mathematics and computational intelligence techniques are used. The journal is designed to meet the needs of a wide range of mathematicians, computer scientists and engineers in academic or industrial research. ( Journal homepage http://amci.unimap.edu.my/ )
Recent Submissions

Trend analysis of underfive mortality rate in Malaysia by gender and states
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)The mortality rate especially among children is a prime barometer of the overall status of a country. Malaysia has taken the initiative to reduce and remain the low mortality rate among children underfive as emphasized ... 
The fixed points of bBistochasticVolterra Quadratic Stochastic Operators on 𝑺¹×𝑺¹
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)The main focus of this paper is to investigate the simplest nonlinear Markov operators which is quadratic one. Study of quadratic stochastic operators (QSOs) is not an easy task as linear operators. Thus, researchers ... 
Selection of social networking sites among undergraduate students with AHPTOPSIS Model
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)Social networks are well established nowadays as the whole world is accessible to the internet. Social networking site provides different features that allow users from around the world to communicate, associate, relate ... 
The effect of twospecies competition on a LotkaVolterra Fishery Model in the presence of toxicity
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)Competition is a crucial ecological interaction between organisms. Despite the belief that competition benefits more vigorous species since lesser species tend to die out owing to lack of resources, there are times when ... 
Regression analysis on crime rates in Kaduna State from 20022016
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)The study determines the effect of unemployment on robbery, murder, rape, stealing, and drug abuse. Secondary method of data collection was used to collect the data from the Nigeria Police State Command, Kaduna and other ... 
Prediction of rainfall using ARIMA mixed models
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)The average rainfall in Aceh Barat every year is different pattern and it is influenced by several factors. In this paper we used rainfall dataset, which is changing time to time. The change is caused by an element of ... 
Numerical solutions of Chaotic Convection Model in a horizontal layer of fluid using deep learning DNN
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)In the subject of engineering, chaotic convection serves a critical function, for instance, magnetomechanical devices, lasers, and mechanical and designing electrical circuits, as well as understanding fluid dynamics and ... 
Multivariate evolutionary and Tweedie GLM Methods for estimating motor vehicle insurance claims reserves
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)An insurance policy is a contract agreement between the policyholder and the insurance company. For the contract agreement to run, policyholders need to pay premiums to insurance companies. On the other hand, the insurance ... 
Mortality analysis by income group of civil servants in Malaysia
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)This paper presents a study on the mortality trend and its correlation with the income factor for the period of 20092018. Income factor is known to affect the social determinant of mortality in many ways. Individuals with ... 
Modified non classical conjugate gradient parameter for solving nonlinear equations
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)In this work, a derived derivativefree conjugate gradient method for largescale symmetric nonlinear equations is proposed. The basic idea of the method combines the Newton’s direction of conjugate gradient method and ... 
Modeling and simulation of the Queuing System at University Parcel Centre (UPC)
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)The purpose of this study is to model and simulate the parcel collection process at the University Parcel Center (UPC) using a Discrete Event Simulation (DES) approach. At UPC, upon arrival, students will join the queue ... 
Missing values imputation for wind speed
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)Addressing missing values is important in the process of getting a precise and accurate result. If missing data are not treated appropriately, then the results could lead to biased estimates. But different series may require ... 
Maximum likelihood estimation of replicated linear functional relationship model
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)This paper discusses the parameter estimates as well as the asymptotic covariance in replicated linear functional relationship model (LFRM). The model is assumed to be balanced and equal in each group. The maximum likelihood ... 
Damage detection formulation using inverse frequency analysis incorporating Artificial Neural Network for Kirchhoff Plate Theory
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)Nowadays, several different structural damage detection techniques are being developed with the goal of monitoring structure stability with high accuracy and low cost. One of the wellknown techniques is inverse analysis ... 
Graphical summaries of circular data with outliers using Python programming language
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)Graph in statistics is used to summarise and visualise the data in pictorial form. Graphical summary enables us to visualise the data in a more simple and meaningful way so that the interpretation will be easier to understand. ... 
Demonstrating Bonus Malus System (BMS) with fair deductibles amount and control mechanism of claim amount and frequency on Medical and Health Insurance Portfolio
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)This paper presents the preliminary work of implementing the BMS in the Medical and Health Insurance (MHI). The application of the Bonus Malus System (BMS) is common in automobile insurance, but having it on MHI is something ... 
How influential the market confidence in determining the global stock returns
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)Market confidence and investment behavior and decision are closely related. This study conducts an empirical analysis to examine how influential the market confidence (consumer and business levels) in determining the ... 
Comparison of correlation for Asia Shariah indices using DCCGARCH and rolling window correlation
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)This paper aims to compare the capability of correlation in capturing the volatility using rolling window correlation and Dynamic Conditional Correlation  Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity (DCCGARCH) ... 
Comparison between exact optimization and heuristics approaches for maximizing benefit of point redemption: a knapsack problem
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)Knapsack problem (KP) is a wellknown NPhard combinatorial optimization problem which seeks to assign several items into a limited capacity knapsack with the objective to maximize the total profit. KP has been used to ... 
Behaviour of solutions of the volterra integrodifferential equations using numerical methods
(Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 202112)This paper is interested in solving Volterra integrodifferential equation with associated initial condition. The Implicit Euler method was used to approximate the derivatives and the Explicit Euler method to approximate ...