Zakah Practice in Islamic Banking Institution in Malaysia: A Legal Horizon
Muhammad Hafiz, Badarulzaman
Che Thalbi, Md Ismail
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The objective of the zakah payment is focused on the economic development of the ummah (society) and baldah (nation) and not only confined to the ritual practices. Islamic banking institutions (IBIs) in Malaysia are one of the entities that accountable for banking zakah. This paper will look in depth the concept and the legality of zakah. Besides, this paper also will deliberate the legal background of IBIs and analyze specifically on the zakah practice among the IBIs in Malaysia. This paper is totally a qualitative research paper in which it is more exploratory in nature and possibly resulting in the development of concepts and theories. Furthermore, historical approach will be used as to find out how and why certain rules, principles or institutions have come to take their present form. In addition, this paper also recapitulates all issues and challenges encountered by IBIs in Malaysia vis a vis zakah practice. Finally, some recommendations will be laid down such as the needs to propose a new statute to administer banking zakah and to set up a proper body to supervise on the aforesaid statute as well as to improve the zakah practice in IBIs in Malaysia.