Characterization of bio-oil from palm kernel shell pyrolysis

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dc.contributor.author Nasrul, Hamidin
dc.contributor.author Umi Fazara, Md. Ali
dc.contributor.author Che Zulzikrami Azner, Abidin
dc.contributor.author Razi, Ahmad
dc.date.accessioned 2016-03-21T09:53:17Z
dc.date.available 2016-03-21T09:53:17Z
dc.date.issued 2014-12-01
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, vol.7 (1), 2014, pages 1134-1140 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2289-4659
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.unimap.edu.my:80/xmlui/handle/123456789/41171
dc.description Link to publisher's homepage at http://jmes.ump.edu.my/ en_US
dc.description.abstract Pyrolysis of palm kernel shell in a fixed-bed reactor was studied in this paper. The objectives were to investigate the effect of pyrolysis temperature and particle size on the products yield and to characterize the bio-oil product. In order to get the optimum pyrolysis parameters on bio-oil yield, temperatures of 350, 400, 450, 500 and 550 °C and particle sizes of 212-300 μm, 300-600 μm, 600μm-1.18 mm and 1.18-2.36 mm under a heating rate of 50 °C min-1 were investigated. The maximum bio-oil yield was 38.40% at 450 °C with a heating rate of 50 °C min-1 and a nitrogen sweep gas flow rate of 50 ml min-1. The bio-oil products were analysed by Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR) and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GCMS). The FTIR analysis showed that the bio-oil was dominated by oxygenated species. The phenol, phenol, 2-methoxy- and furfural that were identified by GCMS analysis are highly suitable for extraction from the bio-oil as value-added chemicals. The highly oxygenated oils need to be upgraded in order to be used in other applications such as transportation fuels. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang en_US
dc.subject Bio-oil en_US
dc.subject Biomass en_US
dc.subject Char en_US
dc.subject Palm kernel shell en_US
dc.subject Pyrolysis en_US
dc.subject Renewable energy en_US
dc.title Characterization of bio-oil from palm kernel shell pyrolysis en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.15282 /jmes.7.2014.12.0110
dc.contributor.url umifazara@unimap.edu.my en_US


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