Experimental and theoretical studies of vegetable oil transesterification for production of biodiesel

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dc.contributor.author Nur Hazwani, Mohd Nor
dc.date.accessioned 2014-11-05T03:54:03Z
dc.date.available 2014-11-05T03:54:03Z
dc.date.issued 2013-06
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.unimap.edu.my:80/xmlui/handle/123456789/37631
dc.description Access is limited to UniMAP community. en_US
dc.description.abstract Biodiesel is an alternative diesel fuel that can be generated by domestic natural resources such as palm oil, soybeans, rapeseeds, and even waste cooking oil. Commonly, biodiesel is produced by base catalyzed transesterification process with methanol. The palm cooking oil is the raw material for this study. In order to find the optimum values of biodiesel yield and conversion, two parameter were studied; methoxide: oil ratio and reaction temperature. In this study, the parameter was methoxide: oil ratio: 6:1 and 9:1; and reaction temperature: 55, 60, and 65oC. The reaction time is fixed to 60 minutes only. The results show that the optimum reaction temperature was 60oC, the methoxide: oil ratio was 9:1, while the optimum conversion 92.12% with the 92% yield of triglyceride to the methyl ester (biodiesel). The product was undergoing physical properties analysis and testing. The density of product 872.0 kg/m3, kinematic viscosity 4.5 cP, pH 6.45 and saponification value 255.25. All this properties has similar to the ASTM D6571 specification. Pattern of the graph theoretical and experimental from Polymath simulation was almost same. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP) en_US
dc.subject Biodiesel en_US
dc.subject Alternative diesel fuel en_US
dc.subject Vegetable oil en_US
dc.subject Transesterification process en_US
dc.title Experimental and theoretical studies of vegetable oil transesterification for production of biodiesel en_US
dc.type Learning Object en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Dr. Mohd Irfan Hatim Mohamed Dzahir en_US
dc.publisher.department School of Bioprocess Engineering en_US

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