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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.unimap.edu.my:80/dspace/handle/123456789/9065

Title: Mineralogical component of palm oil fuel ash with or without unburned carbon
Authors: Chea, Chandara
Khairun Azizi, Mohd Azizli
Zainal Arifin, Ahmad
Syed Fuad, Saiyid Hashim
Etsuo, Sakai
???metadata.dc.contributor.url???: cheachandara@gmail.com
Keywords: Palm oil fuel ash;Glassy content;Unburned carbon;X-ray diffraction (XRD);Agricultural waste;International Conference on X-Rays & Related Techniques in Research & Industry (ICXRI)
Issue Date: 9-Jun-2010
Publisher: Universiti Malaysia Perlis
???metadata.dc.publisher.department???: School of Materials Engineering & School of Environmental Engineering
Citation: p.103-106
Series/Report no.: Proceedings of the International Conference on X-Rays & Related Techniques in Research & Industry (ICXRI) 2010
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the mineralogical components of palm oil fuel ash (POFA) with or without unburned carbon by using semi-quantitative X-ray diffraction (XRD). Original POFA taken from palm oil mill was ground in ball mill, producing ground POFA (GPOFA). Unburned carbon was removed by heating the GPOFA at 500 °C for 1 h, producing treated POFA (TPOFA). Neither glassy phase crystallization nor agglomeration of GPOFA particles occurred during the heat treatment. The content of crystalline phase and glassy phase in GPOFA or TPOFA was determined using semi-quantitative XRD analysis internal standard method. The results showed that GPOFA and TPOFA contained 67.22% and 73.89% of glassy phase, respectively, which could be used as pozzolanic materials. The presence of P2O5, K2O and Na2O in POFA was the reason of reducing the melting point of POFA in boiler.
Description: International Conference on X-Rays and Related Techniques in Research and Industry (ICXRI 2010) jointly organized by Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP) and X-Ray Application Malaysia Society (XAPP), 9th - 10th June 2010 at Aseania Resort Langkawi, Malaysia.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/9065
ISBN: 978-967-5760-02-0
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers

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