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Title: A preliminary study on calcium oxide as potential catalyst for gasification of palm oil empty fruit bunch to produce syngas
Authors: Khomah, Ismail
Yarmo, M.A.
Y. H, Taufiq-Yap
Aishah, Ahmad
???metadata.dc.contributor.url???: khomahismail@yahoo.com
Keywords: Gasification;Empty fruit bunch;Calcium oxide;Syngas;Palm oil;International Conference on X-Rays & Related Techniques in Research & Industry (ICXRI)
Issue Date: 9-Jun-2010
Publisher: Universiti Malaysia Perlis
???metadata.dc.publisher.department???: School of Materials Engineering & School of Environmental Engineering
Citation: p.94-98
Series/Report no.: Proceedings of the International Conference on X-Rays & Related Techniques in Research & Industry (ICXRI) 2010
Abstract: Gasification of dry palm oil empty fruit bunch (EFB), by using a temperature-programmed instrument was performed to determine the amount of synthesis gas produced. The potential of calcium oxide as catalyst for the gasification was studied. Dry and finely crushed EFB was pre-mixed with calcium oxide. Gasification was done at temperature from 50oC – 550oC and also from 50oC – 700oC using 5% oxygen in Helium. The products were monitored using an online mass spectrometer. Major products detected from this reaction were H2, CO, CO2 and CH4. The effect of calcium oxide amount (CaO : EFB ratio) was also investigated. A very significant increase of H2 and CO gases produced when nano-size calcium oxide was used as catalyst compared to bulk CaO. Reaction at 700oC using nano-size CaO reduces the formation of carbon dioxide during gasification. The characteristics of the catalyst used were analyzed by using XRD and XPS show some significant changes from CaO to CaCO3
Description: International Conference on X-Rays and Related Techniques in Research and Industry (ICXRI 2010) jointly organized by Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP) and X-Ray Application Malaysia Society (XAPP), 9th - 10th June 2010 at Aseania Resort Langkawi, Malaysia.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/9013
ISBN: 978-967-5760-02-0
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers

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