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Title: Contrast enhancement for medical images based on histogram equalization followed by median filter
Authors: Jagatheeswari, P.
Suresh Kumar, S.
Rajaram, M.
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Keywords: Image enhancement;Contrast stretching;Histogram equalization (HE);MMBEBHE;Padding;Median filter;Image processing;Image intensifiers;Imaging systems
Issue Date: 11-Oct-2009
Publisher: Universiti Malaysia Perlis
Citation: p.2A4 1 - 2A4 4
Series/Report no.: Proceedings of the International Conference on Man-Machine Systems (ICoMMS 2009)
Abstract: The goal of image enhancement technique is to improve a characteristics or quality of an image, such that the resulting image is better than the original image. Histogram equalization (HE) is widely used for contrast enhancement. However, it tends to change the brightness of an images, where preserving the original brightness is essential to avoid annoying artifacts. So Bi-histogram equalization (BBHE) has been proposed and analyzed mathematically that it can preserve the original brightness to a certain extends. However, there are still cases that are not handled well by BBHE, as they require higher degree of preservation. The extension of BBHE is Minimum Mean Brightness Error Bi-Histogram Equalization (MMBEBHE). The result of MMBEBHE is bad for the image with a lot details. To overcome these drawbacks, a new method is proposed. In this method, image enhancement is performed by MMBEBHE based on a modified contrast stretching manipulation. While the image is enhanced, the impulse noises present in the images are also enhanced. To avoid this effect, the enhanced image is passed through a median filter. The median filter is an effective method for the removal of impulse based noise on images. This is due to the partial averaging effect of the median filter and its biasing of the input stream, rather than straight mathematical averaging.
Description: Organized by School of Mechatronic Engineering (UniMAP) & co-organized by The Institution of Engineering Malaysia (IEM), 11th - 13th October 2009 at Batu Feringhi, Penang, Malaysia.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/7295
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers

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