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Title: Characterization of bio-oil from palm kernel shell pyrolysis
Authors: Nasrul, Hamidin
Umi Fazara, Md. Ali
Che Zulzikrami Azner, Abidin
Razi, Ahmad
???metadata.dc.contributor.url???: umifazara@unimap.edu.my
Keywords: Bio-oil;Biomass;Char;Palm kernel shell;Pyrolysis;Renewable energy
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2014
Publisher: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang
Citation: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, vol.7 (1), 2014, pages 1134-1140
Abstract: Pyrolysis of palm kernel shell in a fixed-bed reactor was studied in this paper. The objectives were to investigate the effect of pyrolysis temperature and particle size on the products yield and to characterize the bio-oil product. In order to get the optimum pyrolysis parameters on bio-oil yield, temperatures of 350, 400, 450, 500 and 550 °C and particle sizes of 212-300 μm, 300-600 μm, 600μm-1.18 mm and 1.18-2.36 mm under a heating rate of 50 °C min-1 were investigated. The maximum bio-oil yield was 38.40% at 450 °C with a heating rate of 50 °C min-1 and a nitrogen sweep gas flow rate of 50 ml min-1. The bio-oil products were analysed by Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR) and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GCMS). The FTIR analysis showed that the bio-oil was dominated by oxygenated species. The phenol, phenol, 2-methoxy- and furfural that were identified by GCMS analysis are highly suitable for extraction from the bio-oil as value-added chemicals. The highly oxygenated oils need to be upgraded in order to be used in other applications such as transportation fuels.
Description: Link to publisher's homepage at http://jmes.ump.edu.my/
URI: http://dspace.unimap.edu.my:80/xmlui/handle/123456789/41171
???metadata.dc.identifier.doi???: http://dx.doi.org/10.15282 /jmes.7.2014.12.0110
ISSN: 2289-4659
Appears in Collections:Nasrul Hamidin, Dr.
Che Zulzikrami Azner Abidin, Dr.
Umi Fazara Md. Ali, Dr.

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